History of Batik

According to the history of batik in the first tradition is a hereditary, so sometimes Batik is derived from the historical era ancestors known since 17 century painted and written on palm leaves. When the batik motifs or patterns is still dominated by the form of animals and plants. However, in the history of its development, batik development, the patterns of paintings of animals and plants slowly move in the abstract motifs that resemble clouds, relief of the temple, wayang beber and so forth. Furthermore, through merger painting style with the art of decorating clothing, handmade batik art appear as we now know this.

The type and style of traditional batik is quite a lot, but the pattern and variations in accordance with the philosophy and culture of each region are very diverse. Culture of Indonesia so that the rich have encouraged the birth of various types of batik patterns and tradisioanal with speciality own characteristics.

Batik is the art image on the cloth for clothing, which became one of the family culture kings Indonesia first period. Batik originally done only in the kingdom only limited results for clothing and the king and the family and their followers. Because many of the followers of the king who live outside the kingdom, the art of batik is brought by their exit from the kingdom and do in each place.

In its development, batik art is slowly being adopted by the people nearest and further into the work of women in the household to fill leisure time. Next, batik, which was only the clothes the family palace, and became a popular clothing people, both women and men.

White cloth materials used at that time are the results of homespun. Are coloring materials used consist of plants native Indonesia made from, among others: the tree mengkudu, soga, indigo, and soda made from soda ash, salt and mud made from the land.

So this craft batik in Indonesia has been known since the days of the Majapahit and growing up to the next kingdom. The expansion began batik art is public property and especially the tribe of Java after the end of the century or early18-19 century. Batik is produced all handmade batik to the early 20-century and printed batik known after a new world war, after One or around 1920. Now batik has become part of traditional Indonesian clothing.

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Canting is a tool that is used to move or take liquids. Canting for making batik is a small tool, made from copper and bamboo as a holding. Canting is used to write patterns with liquid wax batik. Before the plastic material widely used as household equipment, Canting made from coconut shell is widely used as one of the kitchen equipment as a scoop. At this Canting coconut shell has been rarely seen since replaced other materials such as plastic. Canting for making batik slowly replaced with teflon. Read More..

Type of Batik

Classic Batik

Batik has a classic value and the taste of high art, with the execution of complex and time in a week probably thinking. Batik has a classic pattern with certain primary variations of the various motifs, such as parang, nitik, kawung, ceplok, tuntum, tambal, and others. Basic materials such as batik cloth, fine quality white cotton, also white silk cloth, silk batik materials will generate the colors more life.

Making the process of Classic Batik

Almost everyone had to see batik. Even many of them never see a way of making batik. They think that they see in the journey in Java during a visit to a workplace where women batik drawing designs on white cloth with a Canting. This section, which indeed is the implementation of the wax is just one of many processing steps that must be done to make goods named batik.
The step to make classic batik :
1. Preparation
2. Design

Preparation :
White cotton cloth with a width of approximately 110 cm and 240 cm long done previously that can be used for further processing. The process consists of washing, size, spread out in the sun to dry and clobber, a process that takes many days.

Design :
If the cloth is ready for the next process, the motives drawn with the pattern that has been available on paper or directly on the drawing for the batik cloth that has experts. Once the design is made of a given color. But they can also draw a design first surroundings field design that can be covered. How drawing done with a liquid wax out of from canting with form softer spray, while the size of Canting also vary.

Printed Batik

With the development of industries in the textile technique, the way of making batik, batik material and coloring materials basic batik cloth is well developed, so that various types and motive can be produced quickly and in a number of very large. How much faster is the print batik design with a batik-printing machine / rotation of the modern film (printed).

Often, the market area of textiles found with motives such as batik. To distinguish between the original batik with prints batik (imitation batik), the original batik, the color clearly visible on both sides of the cloth. But if only one side of the cloth clearly visible color and the other less visible color, then that is printed batik. Printed batik (batik factory) is an imitation batik, so more cheaper classical batik from modern or created manually (original batik).

However, discrimination such as the above will be difficult if the cloth used is a thin cloth like silk or silk spurious, because the color will appear on both sides almost the same, to distinguish this carefulness in work that is necessary to consider the detailed image, it will be visible and can be differentiated between hand made stroke or made machines stroke

However, each person can buy the capacity and depending on the value of art and that of the goods.

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Batik comes from the Java language "amba", which means that the writing and the "point". The word refers to the batik cloth with a pattern generated by the material wax is applied to the top of the cloth, so that the entry of coloring material (dye), in English or in the "wax-resist dyeing." Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and have become part of the culture of Indonesia (especially Java) since long ago. Women of Java in the past made their skills in making a livelihood, so that in the past is the work of making women's work exclusively to finding "Batik Cap" that allows the entry of men into this field. There are some exceptions to this phenomenon, namely batik, which has a coastal line of masculine as can be seen in the pattern "Mega Mendung", where in some coastal areas are making work for the common folk of men.
And the color of style batik patterns are influenced by various foreign influence. Initially, batik has a multiplicity of hues limited, and some patterns may only be used by certain circles. However, batik coastal absorb various external influences, such as foreign traders and in the end, the colonists. Color bright such as red introduced by the Chinese people, who also popularize lynziedoll pattern. European colonizing nations also take interest to batik, and the result is a pattern that floral not previously known (such as tulip flower) and also objects brought by the colonists (the building or train horses), including color delight as they blue. Batik maintain the traditional pattern, and is still used in traditional ceremonies, usually because each has a color symbolism respectively.

Making techniques have been known since thousands of years ago. No description of the history is quite clear about the origin batik. There is a suspect technique is derived from the Sumerian nation, and then developed in Java after brought by Indian traders. Currently batik can be found in many countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, and Iran. Besides in Asia, batik is also very popular in some countries in the African continent. Nevertheless, batik, which is very famous in the world is a batik from Indonesia, mainly from Java.

Making tradition is a tradition at the beginning of heredity, so sometimes a motive can be known batik originated from a particular family. Some motive can indicate the status of a person. Even now, some motive tradisional used only by families of Yogyakarta and Surakarta palace
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Batik Handmade and Printed Batik

  1. Done by using Canting, the tool made from copper, which can be formed to accommodate wax batik, have the edge with a channel / small pipes to discharge the wax in the picture early on the surface of cloth.
  2. The shape of the image / design in handmade batik is not clear that there is repetition, so the image can see more supple line with the size of the motif that can be relatively small compared with the printed batik.
  3. Figure handmade batik can be seen on both sides of the cloth see more average (transparency fro) for a fine handmade batik.
  4. Basic color fabrics are usually younger than the scratches on the color motifs (handmade batik “putihan” / “tembokan”).
  5. Each snippet of the image (multiplicity decorative), repeated on the sheet of cloth usually will never be the same shape and size. Unlike printed batik with a probability can be exactly the image that between one picture with the other.
  6. Time required for the creation of handmade batik relatively long (2 or 3 times longer) compared with the production of printed batik. Continuing a fine handmade batik can take 3 to 6 months.
  7. Canting the form of working tools is relatively cheaper price ranges from Rp. 10.000, - to Rp. 20,000 -/pcs.

The selling price of batik write relatively more expensive, because of the generally better quality, luxury and unique.

Batik prints

  1. Done with the seal (a tool made from copper, which was formed in accordance with the picture or motif desired). To handle the creation of a stamp batik, with dimensions of length and width: 20 cm x 20 cm, the time required an average of 2 weeks.
  2. The shape of the image / design on the printed batik there is always a repetition of clear, so visible image repeated with the same shape, size line with the motif of relatively larger compared with a handmade batik.
  3. Figure printed batik usually do not emerge on both sides of the cloth.
    Basic color fabrics are usually older than the color of the scratches motives. This is not to make printed batik closing on the basis of a more complex motives as well as the usual process on handmade batik. Correlation with the organizers of the sale price of a cheaper and faster production. Time needed for a piece of cloth printed batik ranged from 1 to 3 weeks.
  4. To create a variety of printed batik motifs, it needed a lot of cachet. Meanwhile, the price cap is relatively more expensive batiks from Canting. For the price of batik stamp on the condition now with the size of 20 cm x 20 cm, ranging between Rp. 350.000, - to Rp. 700000, -/motif. So, from the capital early printed batik relatively more expensive.Timed use of batik stamp in good condition, which can reach 5 years to 10 years, with a note not damaged. Repetition stamp batik copper to almost not limited used

The selling price printed batik relatively cheaper compared with a handmade batik, usually due to the number and have many similarities and the other one is not unique, not less special and exclusive.

Besides differences between the visual side of the handmade and printed batik, but from the production side there are some similarities that should be carried out in fulfillment of both. Among them are:

  1. Both can be said batik cloth, as is done with the use of candles as a media stranglehold color.
  2. It done almost by human hands to create the image and color processing go close.
    The materials also use the same basic form of a white cloth, and should not be distinguished yarn basic types of material (cotton or silk) or form woven product.
  3. The use of materials, pigments and processing the same color, there is no difference between handmade and printed batik.
  4. How to determine the lay-out or patron, and also forms the motive may be the same between them. So that when they made clothes to be sewn, there is no difference for designer clothes or the tailor. Only to distinguish the quality of the picture only.
  5. How to take care of batik cloth (save, and wash) there is no difference.
    To make batik ,both needed to create an image or put on a show early primary and easier to understand the motive of which will occur.

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The Differences Between Batik Textiles and Batik 

To know the difference between batik textiles with batik, there are some tips to note: 

Batik fabrics 

1. In general, the basic materials used are made of natural fiber or cellulose fibers (fibers produced from animals). The type of batik cloth used in general are woven rayon, silk fabrics, cotton cloth, and hemp cloth. The process of batik can not use the type of cloth made of polyester. 

2. Figure on batik cloth is usually some transparency to be on the back of the cloth. Furthermore for the type of fine handmade batik cloth, then the waxed execution will be carried out on the second face cloth. Special for batik cloth on the techniques of production activities with a silk-screening techniques wax cold walls almost no transparency at all, with different techniques that use hot wax, the results will be through to the back of the cloth. 

3. Odor batik cloth will smelled candles aromatic. To know the fragrance of this candle, usually by consumers batik cloth is brought near the senses of. Even some who once said that if the smell batik aromatic cloth can remind the affection of her parents when the first baby, carrying with batik cloth shawl. There is also said that if the smell is the flavor-woven batik cloth can eliminate the stress. 

4. Detail image on the batik cloth relatively simple when compared with textile batik. Special to detail the size of the image with small color with darker will be very difficult obtained in batik cloth. This is due to limitations in the process of manufacture of waxed. 

5. batik cloth price relatively more expensive and limited. 

6. Protean form of decorative ornaments or on a piece of batik cloth, sometimes there is no similarity between the right motives, the one with the other, even in the process of batik cloth is made with the technique of printed batik. Moreover, the motive of the existing one sheet of batik cloth, one of the other likely no difference. 

7. Batik cloth, we rarely encountered in the form of roll packaging. Batik cloth is usually packed in the form of bending or wrapped one by one or a set. 

Textiles batik (or Silk Screen Print) 

1. In general, the basic materials used are made of polyester fiber, although there are also made of woven cotton, rayon fabrics, woven hemp and silk fabrics such as batik cloth. 

2. Figure on batik cloth, textiles (silk screening) usually will not emerge until on the back of the cloth. 

3. Cloth, silk screening smelled not smell the wax and almost no flavor of any kind. 

4. Detail image on the cloth, silk screening is relatively smoother and more complete when compared with batik cloth. In the batik cloth, textiles (silk screening) more detailed picture can reach the size of a small-color with a darker color can be obtained, with different batik cloth. This is because the ability of the great silk-screening process and the more advanced technology. Silk screening process itself are the many various silk screening techniques with hand (hand-printing), using the plate system and the Rotary Club with the printing technique using the rotating cylinder. Each technique has advantages and disadvantages of each associated with the image size and quality of detail motives. 

5.Woven silk price screening is relatively cheaper, and the amount of production is usually more things than this to be the cost for making a film / plate or making the screen can be covered silk-screening (break event point), because the cost of making movies is quite expensive, so little production when the price by itself cloth will be expensive with the same batik cloth. 

6. Protean form of decorative ornaments or on a sheet of cloth, silk screening is sure the same will be many motives and right between the one with the other. 

7. Cloth, silk screening can be met in the form of roll. Usually in a roll length can reach more than 100 meters.
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