Coloring Batik with waste stew and sea water

Around us we can find a lot of dry leaves garbage. In the coastal area near the Sea of Java, there are lots of leaves and waste water that can be utilized. Various dried leaves boiled with water. When boiling, the resulting color is visible shade. Cause,The salinity of Javanese sea water is very high...

How, dry leaves waste is mixed with the water, and boiled until boiling. Before starting the process to make, which will be colored cloth soaked in water, and let it until
cold. So that the natural color of the resulting permeate, the fabric must be washed and stirred for several minutes. Later, the colors appear on the batik fabrics appear more natural, and does not finish the withdrawal of the color produced from chemicals. Moreover, the resulting color proven to be durable, and does not fade even though frequently washed.

leaves stew ingredients and sea water bring exotic color. In the process of coloring, absolutly does not use the chemicals. The color that will show looks natural.

So that the colors produced from natural leaves dry sew, the fabric must be stirred, and washed for several minutes. Result, the color that appears on batik cloth appear more natural, the withdrawal does not shiny like use chemicals coloring.But, during the rainy season, the making take any longer in the drying cloth.

Use of waste stew leaves and water to the sea coloring batik cloth can reduce the pollution of waste batik originated from the use of chemical substances as a coloring agent. In the river, waste chemical dye batik can not do unravel.

Use of chemicals to cause pollution batik proven unusual for rivers. For example, the Loji river that split the Pekalongan City, not nearly the river water flow, and jet black color. Potential Pekalongan batik as a supplier to all Indonesia impact in due to the high pollution of waste batik. Pekalongan river is a river most polluted in Central Java.

In fact, each batik craftsman can switch to natural coloring. Moreover, this natural material is available everywhere. the making any simple way. For example, from leaves, medical herbs, mengkudu roots, tinggi (kind moth ), tegeran, jambal, and other secang.

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Tips for choosing cloth silk batik materials

To produce Batik silk with highest quality of course need a silk batik cloth also. There are a few tips for determining the fabric of silk batik materials as well:

The fabric plaited is braid plate. (blaco plait)
Fineness of prime cloth until the primisima (cluster 2 to 4 from 16 cocoon thread)
The width of the fabric is approximately 105 cm (for tapih cloth), 90 cm (for the skirt, dress etc.), 70 cm (for shirt cloth, skirt) and 50 cm (to throw)

The state of silk cloth has been “deguming” (levels souple silk). Because the basic fabric batik is made quite often yellow, then presumably the silk cloth would not need to whitening with whitener (perxyde etc.)...The plait dense enough so that the yarn in the fabric does not move when a pressure or pulling. Because the process of making batik-related with dye in water (wet), the twist in the silk should be not too high to avoid wrinkle wet cloth in the process
The yarn woven cloth that held the selection there is one type of silk so that the coloration does not arise because the mottled colors of absorption differences.

Batik silk fabric is not necessarily the form of pure silk, but can be combined in a way woven using yarn “tetoron” like cotton or “rayon acetate”. Occurs when the mixture is not known, and then problems will arise in the process of coloring

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Batik Cap

Batik in Indonesia is always experiencing a significant development. Initially there are only batik is done by the women of the canting. Around mid-19th century, "canting seal" (usually called just "cap" only) have been developed.

Canting cap is a rubber stamp tool such great shape that has been drawn batik patterns. In general, the pattern in this canting seal formed from the copper base material, but there are also combined with the iron. Production of this batik cap, The batik carftman can save energy, and no need to draw a pattern or design on the cloth...

The development of Batik cap also experienced, be acquainted with a wood of cap. Cap made of wood is more economical and the making is easier. The pattern carved on wood and was formed as a seal as well as copper cap. Batik stamp use this wood can be distinguished from copper because the wood cap does not heat the copper until the wax (candle) attached to the timber is thin, and the process results uniqueness shape have retired, there is usually a bit of color as sew on batik wax attached too thin, so that the visible color gradation between the pattern on the edge and middle motif

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The advantage or characteristic of which is owned by batik Cirebon

a. Batik design Cirebonan nuances of classic traditional, in general, always include the motif wadasan (cadas stone) on the parts of a particular motif. Besides, there are also elements multiformity tub-shaped cloud (cloud) on the parts that are tailored to the main motif.

b. Batik Cirebonan classic traditional has always characterized the color on the background (base fabric) younger than the color line in the main motif.

c. The background or base cloth is usually visible clean stains from black or colors that are not desired in the process. Stains and the color black can be caused by the use of batik wax is broken, so that the process of coloring pigment which does not permeate the fabric desired.

d. Lines on the batik motifs Cirebonan use single line and thin (small) approximately 0.5 mm with a color line that are older than the color latarnya. This is because the process of batik Cirebon superior in closing (blocking area) using canting special process to do the closure, namely the use and bleber canting wall (made of bamboo stem, which in the end be given a snippet of the thread-cotton yarn is thick and entered on one of the ends of the bamboo stem). 

e. Dominant colors of the classic traditional batik Cirebonan usually have yellow (sogan scrub), basic colors of black and beige, or dark red, dark blue, black cloth with the basic colors of white or ivory beige. 

f. Batik Cirebonan tend to choose part of the background fabric left blank without multiformity filled with decorative shaped “tanahan” or “rentesan” (multiformity shaped ornamental plants algae). Multiformity the form of decorative “tanahan”or “rentesan” is usually used by batiks from Pekalongan. 

Still with batik Cirebonan, but have characteristics that differ from the previous group, namely Cirebonan Pesisiran batik. Batik Cirebonan Pesisiran highly influenced by the coast (pesisiran) character the community in general has a soul and easily receive the influence of foreign culture. The development of the current coloring of the batik Cirebonan more variegated and use the elements of a brighter color and bright, and has the form of a decorative fad-free animals with the elements and the forms of flora rich appearance. 

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Batik wax

Batik wax is a material that used to cover the surface of the cloth the image of batik motifs, so that a closed surface is to resist or reject a given color on the cloth. Batik wax is not a one of kind of material, but a mixture of various basic materials candle. As a basic material such as a candle; Gondoruem, Damar, Matakucing, paraffin wax (white and yellow), Microwax, animal fat (kendal, gajih), coconut oil, bee wax, Lanceng candle...

Principal amount of material used and the comparison is manifold, according to usage and experience of each. So batik wax it is a combination of materials basic wax, days of old in the making of batik, using the cloth as a cover from sticky rice porridge, and cloth made in this way is called as simbut cloth. However after finding such a candle is not used again. 

Began early in the process of wax usage slope during the closing motif used wax from bee or lanceng. Wax from animals according java people it called "malam", then wax batik is still often called the “malam” batik. Because the experiences, then people mix the pure wax from animal kind of bee with material from plants such as Gondorukem and Damar Matakucing. 

And then to weaken and reduce melted point added fat or oil, fat animal or coconut oil. In the last the process of making batik, all the wax removed from batik cloth with placed in hot water, so the wax batik removed and after solution water is cold , batik of wax become frozen again and can be taken. Wax from solution water is called "wax used" or black wax because the color is black. Candles used this mixed again on the making of new wax mixture.

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Trusmi's Batik or Cirebonan's Batik

That basically batiks generated by the centers of batik in various regions are generally good and have good-style batik motifs that vary. Thus, the nature of typical and unique batik-batik area can not be said that batik one better than other areas. Unique motifs and patterns that resulted from a batik-batik in various regions is a strength and richness that is very unusual, especially for culture batik Indonesia.

No in any country that has a wealth of design motifs such as the batik in Indonesia owned by the nation. Plume that is all we are, in every area has a design and motives of the typical naming patterns of language use their respective regions. For example, the motif of batik Aceh, Pintu Aceh, Cakra Doenya, Bungong Jeumpa. From Riau there Itik Pulang Petang, Kuntum Bersanding, Awan Larat and Tabir. Batik from Java like Jelaprang (Pekalongan), Sida Mukti, Sida Luhur (Solo), Patran Keris, Paksinaga Liman, Sawat Penganten (Cirebon), etc...

To find out about the many proofs of design properties motives batik Indonesia the most simple example can be seen in the area of West Java, in this area are dozens of centers of batik districts most of them have Cirebon East, the North region have Indramayu, and then towards the West and south are Ciamis Regency, Regency and the City of Tasikmalaya, Garut Regency. Although still in a provincial culture and the same culture (cultural Sunda), but we can find differences multiformity decorative motifs and batik are much different between the districts with other districts. As in the Cirebon area Indramayu have characters and a different design patterns, especially between Cirebon and Garut district has a gap motifs, decorative style and whim of very significant differences. The difference is influenced by culture and cultural level of expertise of the craftsmen the batik. The material used to make batik relatively the same from either form of canting, shape and type of seal the wax. However, when the production process runs sometimes condition element ground water quality of the PH with different coloring can affect the final results. Similarly, the nature of patience and fortitude of batik in every area, also will be able to affect the quality of the end of the batik produced 

Regional Cirebon batik production centers located in the village Trusmi Plered Cirebon reputedly located in the city of Cirebon far beyond 4 km to the west or toward the direction of Bandung. Trusmi in the village and surrounding areas there are more than 1,000 workers or craftsmen batik. Labor batik come from several areas around the village Trusmi, such as the village of Gamel, Kaliwulu, Wotgali and Kalitengah. 

In general, Cirebon batik including batik Pesisiran into groups, but also including some batik Cirebon batik palace in the group. This is because Cirebon has two the palace Keratonan Kasepuhan and Kanoman palace, reputedly based on the history of the two show some of this palace batik Cirebonan Classic design that until now is still done by some villagers whom Trusmi Mega motifs such as cloudy, Paksinaga Liman, Patran Keris , Patran Kangkung, Singa Payung, Singa Barong, Banjar pool, Chicken Alas, Sawat Penganten, Katewono, Mount Giwur, Simbar Menjangan, Simbar Kendo and others. 

In the area around the port are many foreigners who come around, going to put the marriage of different ethnic (asimilation), the batik Cirebonan Pesisiran more likely to receive from outside cultural influences brought by immigrants. Cirebon batik so that one is more likely to be able to meet or follow the tastes of different consumer areas (more to the commodities trade and consumerilsm), so that the colors of batik Cirebonan Pesisiran more attractive by using lots of color. Cirebonan batik production in the current period consist of Write batik, printed batik and batik combination cap. In the year 1990 - 2000 is part of the community Cirebonan producing batik cloth batik pattern Cirebonan with the technique hand printing, but this latter technique hand printing almost extinct, due to compete with the less technical print engine owned by companies that more big. Batik Trusmi growth appears to start moving quickly in 2000, this can be seen from the pop-showroom batik showroom located in the vicinity of main roads and villages Trusmi Panembahan. Batik showroom owner Trusmi almost entirely owned by the original Trusmi although one or two are owned by the owner of capital from outside Trusmi

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Tips and Tricks Caring for Batik

There are some things you need to note in order to keep your batik cloth or clothing still beautiful, are as follows: 

1. Washing batik cloth by using hair shampoo. Previously, fused shampoo until no more of a set first. After that dye batik cloth. You can also use special soap for washing cloth batik that was sold in the market.

2. At the time of washing batik don’t rubbed, and do not use detergent. If your batik cloth not too dirty enough, you can wash it with warm water. But if your batik so stains you can wash it just with a bath soap. But if the stain still there you can removed it with orange peel on the dirty part of it. Do not wash the batik cloth by using the washing machine. 

3. After the dirt have lost, you have to spread out in the calm sun to dry place but you do not need to press until dry, let the cloth is naturally dry up. At the time of season you should pull the fabric edge so that the fiber cloth fold back to normal. 

4. Avoid clothes for ironing directly, if the cloth is too rumpled you spray water above your batik cloth with layer batik cloth with the other cloth. This thing to avoid your batik cloth from iron heat affected directly. 

5. If you want to impart fragrance and fabric softener on batik, don’t spray it directly on the fabric. Before that, cover the fabric with the newspaper, and then spray with the fragrance liquid and fabric softener. You should not inject scent or perfume directly to the cloth or clothing of silk batik colorant natural. 

6. After ironing you should save your batik in plastic to prevent moth-eaten. We recommend that you do not give camphoric solid because this is too hard so that can damage your batik cloth. It's good you give a pepper or pepper wrapped with tissue and enter in your wardrobe to drive out moth. Or you can use the fragrant root that before you dye to in hot water and then dried, and dyed again in hot water and dried. After the roots are fragrant dry you can use it..

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Pekalongan The Batik City

BATIK now become one of the excellent products in Pekalongan. This is due to the many industries which produce batik. Because with the famous batik product Pekalongan, known as a City of Batik. Next, local goverment harmonize slogan with Pekalongan the City of Batik... 

Pekalongan batik is made as one of the leading traditional whim of a very fine in the world. Nickname came from a tradition that is rooted in the old Pekalongan. During the period that is long, diverse nature, purposes multiformity, type design, and quality of batik is determined by the climate and the presence of local fiber-fiber, historical factors, trade, colonialism, and the readiness in communities understand and accept new ideas. 

There are some views that abaout batik group into two groups batik ,batik art, the palace batik (Surakarta and Yogyakarta) and the coastal batik art. 

Motif batik art palace that has a lot of sense philosophy, laden with the meaning of life. The image is complex / subtle and most have several colors, blue, yellow or white youth. Motifs such as the ancient palace pennant pattern (14-th century), gringsing (14 century), which was created kawung Sultan Agung (1613-1645), and the chopper, and motifs such as the webbing Tirta sratumarga. 

Coastal batik motif and showed a picture with batik palace. Batik coast more free and rich patterns and colors. They are more independent and not tied to the palace and the rules that have little meaning philosophy. Many coastal batik motifs in the form of plants, animals, and typical environment. The variety of color to be more consumer interest. 

How about the batik Pekalongan? According Marsam Kardi, former Head of Centre Bureau Batik and Handicraft Trade Industry Departement , batik on the north coast of Java is known as “Batik Pesisiran”. A note from history, there are three criteria batik from Pekalongan. First, indigenous batik. Batik is made with the indigenous style of taste. The motif not bound by the provisions of the kings, so more free. Batik is the development of the market with the rapid production of behavior in the market. 

Second, Batik Encim. Batik is produced by the descendants of Chinese and classified into three patterns based on a whim or decorate “buketan”, Chinese culture and multiform paintings. Third, Batik Londo, who made most of the descendants of Dutch society. The Ornate certainly influenced by the taste / Dutch culture. 

Three classes of Pekalongan batik was developed side by side and each have their own buyers. However, it is recognized that the indigenous batik is the oldest among the three, although there is no record when and by whom it was created batik. That, batik is already there before the Chinese and Dutch traders to trade Pekalongan. 

According to him, batik Pekalongan glory reached around 1850, among others, production Eliza Van Zuylen, King Oey Soen, and until the world war II, also known batik production Ny Sastromulyono. 

On the development of Pekalongan batik-century since 19 until now, according to Dudung Alisyahbana, just growing. See, the emergence of the Javanese Batik Hohokai the paper as beautiful throughout the history of batiks in Java. 

Batik Pekalongan produced in 1942-1945 that appear after the world war II. The impact of the war that occurred in the Japanese occupation of Indonesia. As a result, the drop out of trade relations with the Netherlands. Mori drug trafficking and coloring is lost, so that the supply low. Even if there is, the price is very expensive. At this time the creator Pekalongan batik to create new, more complex and made with the labor system, with the goal and does not slow the loss of workers. The result is remarkable, that many known Batik Djawa Hokokai. 

Then in 1980-1997, when a batik slowdown, more and more creative crafter Pekalongan appear to make a silk batik. Slowly, batik shows himself again and consumers to adjust demand.

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