Pekalongan The Batik City

BATIK now become one of the excellent products in Pekalongan. This is due to the many industries which produce batik. Because with the famous batik product Pekalongan, known as a City of Batik. Next, local goverment harmonize slogan with Pekalongan the City of Batik... 

Pekalongan batik is made as one of the leading traditional whim of a very fine in the world. Nickname came from a tradition that is rooted in the old Pekalongan. During the period that is long, diverse nature, purposes multiformity, type design, and quality of batik is determined by the climate and the presence of local fiber-fiber, historical factors, trade, colonialism, and the readiness in communities understand and accept new ideas. 

There are some views that abaout batik group into two groups batik ,batik art, the palace batik (Surakarta and Yogyakarta) and the coastal batik art. 

Motif batik art palace that has a lot of sense philosophy, laden with the meaning of life. The image is complex / subtle and most have several colors, blue, yellow or white youth. Motifs such as the ancient palace pennant pattern (14-th century), gringsing (14 century), which was created kawung Sultan Agung (1613-1645), and the chopper, and motifs such as the webbing Tirta sratumarga. 

Coastal batik motif and showed a picture with batik palace. Batik coast more free and rich patterns and colors. They are more independent and not tied to the palace and the rules that have little meaning philosophy. Many coastal batik motifs in the form of plants, animals, and typical environment. The variety of color to be more consumer interest. 

How about the batik Pekalongan? According Marsam Kardi, former Head of Centre Bureau Batik and Handicraft Trade Industry Departement , batik on the north coast of Java is known as “Batik Pesisiran”. A note from history, there are three criteria batik from Pekalongan. First, indigenous batik. Batik is made with the indigenous style of taste. The motif not bound by the provisions of the kings, so more free. Batik is the development of the market with the rapid production of behavior in the market. 

Second, Batik Encim. Batik is produced by the descendants of Chinese and classified into three patterns based on a whim or decorate “buketan”, Chinese culture and multiform paintings. Third, Batik Londo, who made most of the descendants of Dutch society. The Ornate certainly influenced by the taste / Dutch culture. 

Three classes of Pekalongan batik was developed side by side and each have their own buyers. However, it is recognized that the indigenous batik is the oldest among the three, although there is no record when and by whom it was created batik. That, batik is already there before the Chinese and Dutch traders to trade Pekalongan. 

According to him, batik Pekalongan glory reached around 1850, among others, production Eliza Van Zuylen, King Oey Soen, and until the world war II, also known batik production Ny Sastromulyono. 

On the development of Pekalongan batik-century since 19 until now, according to Dudung Alisyahbana, just growing. See, the emergence of the Javanese Batik Hohokai the paper as beautiful throughout the history of batiks in Java. 

Batik Pekalongan produced in 1942-1945 that appear after the world war II. The impact of the war that occurred in the Japanese occupation of Indonesia. As a result, the drop out of trade relations with the Netherlands. Mori drug trafficking and coloring is lost, so that the supply low. Even if there is, the price is very expensive. At this time the creator Pekalongan batik to create new, more complex and made with the labor system, with the goal and does not slow the loss of workers. The result is remarkable, that many known Batik Djawa Hokokai. 

Then in 1980-1997, when a batik slowdown, more and more creative crafter Pekalongan appear to make a silk batik. Slowly, batik shows himself again and consumers to adjust demand.

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