Coloring Batik with waste stew and sea water

Around us we can find a lot of dry leaves garbage. In the coastal area near the Sea of Java, there are lots of leaves and waste water that can be utilized. Various dried leaves boiled with water. When boiling, the resulting color is visible shade. Cause,The salinity of Javanese sea water is very high...

How, dry leaves waste is mixed with the water, and boiled until boiling. Before starting the process to make, which will be colored cloth soaked in water, and let it until
cold. So that the natural color of the resulting permeate, the fabric must be washed and stirred for several minutes. Later, the colors appear on the batik fabrics appear more natural, and does not finish the withdrawal of the color produced from chemicals. Moreover, the resulting color proven to be durable, and does not fade even though frequently washed.

leaves stew ingredients and sea water bring exotic color. In the process of coloring, absolutly does not use the chemicals. The color that will show looks natural.

So that the colors produced from natural leaves dry sew, the fabric must be stirred, and washed for several minutes. Result, the color that appears on batik cloth appear more natural, the withdrawal does not shiny like use chemicals coloring.But, during the rainy season, the making take any longer in the drying cloth.

Use of waste stew leaves and water to the sea coloring batik cloth can reduce the pollution of waste batik originated from the use of chemical substances as a coloring agent. In the river, waste chemical dye batik can not do unravel.

Use of chemicals to cause pollution batik proven unusual for rivers. For example, the Loji river that split the Pekalongan City, not nearly the river water flow, and jet black color. Potential Pekalongan batik as a supplier to all Indonesia impact in due to the high pollution of waste batik. Pekalongan river is a river most polluted in Central Java.

In fact, each batik craftsman can switch to natural coloring. Moreover, this natural material is available everywhere. the making any simple way. For example, from leaves, medical herbs, mengkudu roots, tinggi (kind moth ), tegeran, jambal, and other secang.

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Tips for choosing cloth silk batik materials

To produce Batik silk with highest quality of course need a silk batik cloth also. There are a few tips for determining the fabric of silk batik materials as well:

The fabric plaited is braid plate. (blaco plait)
Fineness of prime cloth until the primisima (cluster 2 to 4 from 16 cocoon thread)
The width of the fabric is approximately 105 cm (for tapih cloth), 90 cm (for the skirt, dress etc.), 70 cm (for shirt cloth, skirt) and 50 cm (to throw)

The state of silk cloth has been “deguming” (levels souple silk). Because the basic fabric batik is made quite often yellow, then presumably the silk cloth would not need to whitening with whitener (perxyde etc.)...The plait dense enough so that the yarn in the fabric does not move when a pressure or pulling. Because the process of making batik-related with dye in water (wet), the twist in the silk should be not too high to avoid wrinkle wet cloth in the process
The yarn woven cloth that held the selection there is one type of silk so that the coloration does not arise because the mottled colors of absorption differences.

Batik silk fabric is not necessarily the form of pure silk, but can be combined in a way woven using yarn “tetoron” like cotton or “rayon acetate”. Occurs when the mixture is not known, and then problems will arise in the process of coloring

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Batik Cap

Batik in Indonesia is always experiencing a significant development. Initially there are only batik is done by the women of the canting. Around mid-19th century, "canting seal" (usually called just "cap" only) have been developed.

Canting cap is a rubber stamp tool such great shape that has been drawn batik patterns. In general, the pattern in this canting seal formed from the copper base material, but there are also combined with the iron. Production of this batik cap, The batik carftman can save energy, and no need to draw a pattern or design on the cloth...

The development of Batik cap also experienced, be acquainted with a wood of cap. Cap made of wood is more economical and the making is easier. The pattern carved on wood and was formed as a seal as well as copper cap. Batik stamp use this wood can be distinguished from copper because the wood cap does not heat the copper until the wax (candle) attached to the timber is thin, and the process results uniqueness shape have retired, there is usually a bit of color as sew on batik wax attached too thin, so that the visible color gradation between the pattern on the edge and middle motif

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The advantage or characteristic of which is owned by batik Cirebon

a. Batik design Cirebonan nuances of classic traditional, in general, always include the motif wadasan (cadas stone) on the parts of a particular motif. Besides, there are also elements multiformity tub-shaped cloud (cloud) on the parts that are tailored to the main motif.

b. Batik Cirebonan classic traditional has always characterized the color on the background (base fabric) younger than the color line in the main motif.

c. The background or base cloth is usually visible clean stains from black or colors that are not desired in the process. Stains and the color black can be caused by the use of batik wax is broken, so that the process of coloring pigment which does not permeate the fabric desired.

d. Lines on the batik motifs Cirebonan use single line and thin (small) approximately 0.5 mm with a color line that are older than the color latarnya. This is because the process of batik Cirebon superior in closing (blocking area) using canting special process to do the closure, namely the use and bleber canting wall (made of bamboo stem, which in the end be given a snippet of the thread-cotton yarn is thick and entered on one of the ends of the bamboo stem). 

e. Dominant colors of the classic traditional batik Cirebonan usually have yellow (sogan scrub), basic colors of black and beige, or dark red, dark blue, black cloth with the basic colors of white or ivory beige. 

f. Batik Cirebonan tend to choose part of the background fabric left blank without multiformity filled with decorative shaped “tanahan” or “rentesan” (multiformity shaped ornamental plants algae). Multiformity the form of decorative “tanahan”or “rentesan” is usually used by batiks from Pekalongan. 

Still with batik Cirebonan, but have characteristics that differ from the previous group, namely Cirebonan Pesisiran batik. Batik Cirebonan Pesisiran highly influenced by the coast (pesisiran) character the community in general has a soul and easily receive the influence of foreign culture. The development of the current coloring of the batik Cirebonan more variegated and use the elements of a brighter color and bright, and has the form of a decorative fad-free animals with the elements and the forms of flora rich appearance. 

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Batik wax

Batik wax is a material that used to cover the surface of the cloth the image of batik motifs, so that a closed surface is to resist or reject a given color on the cloth. Batik wax is not a one of kind of material, but a mixture of various basic materials candle. As a basic material such as a candle; Gondoruem, Damar, Matakucing, paraffin wax (white and yellow), Microwax, animal fat (kendal, gajih), coconut oil, bee wax, Lanceng candle...

Principal amount of material used and the comparison is manifold, according to usage and experience of each. So batik wax it is a combination of materials basic wax, days of old in the making of batik, using the cloth as a cover from sticky rice porridge, and cloth made in this way is called as simbut cloth. However after finding such a candle is not used again. 

Began early in the process of wax usage slope during the closing motif used wax from bee or lanceng. Wax from animals according java people it called "malam", then wax batik is still often called the “malam” batik. Because the experiences, then people mix the pure wax from animal kind of bee with material from plants such as Gondorukem and Damar Matakucing. 

And then to weaken and reduce melted point added fat or oil, fat animal or coconut oil. In the last the process of making batik, all the wax removed from batik cloth with placed in hot water, so the wax batik removed and after solution water is cold , batik of wax become frozen again and can be taken. Wax from solution water is called "wax used" or black wax because the color is black. Candles used this mixed again on the making of new wax mixture.

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